(Capsicum spp) Sweet peppers and chillies

Capsicums: There are many species of capsicum, all native to South and Central America. Five are grown as food, including Capsicum annuum (sweet bell peppers, and some hot kinds) and Capsicum chinense (habañeros and some really hot ones!). People in what is now Mexico were growing chillies 9000 years ago.

Mammals and insects feel the heat of chillis, but birds don’t.